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Hike Wolfskin Wood Mid Jack Texapore Men Dark Vojo Boots Walking Enter a Legal Term

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negligence

n. failure to exercise the care toward others which a reasonable or prudent person would do in the circumstances, or taking action which such a reasonable person would not. Negligence is accidental as distinguished from "intentional torts" (assault or trespass, for example) or from crimes, but a crime can also constitute negligence, such as reckless driving. Negligence can result in all types of accidents causing physical and/or property damage, but can also include business errors and miscalculations, such as a sloppy land survey. In making a claim for damages based on an allegation of another's negligence, the injured party (plaintiff) must prove: a) that the party alleged to be negligent had a duty to the injured party-specifically to the one injured or to the general public, b) that the defendant's action (or failure to act) was negligent-not what a reasonably prudent person would have done, c) that the damages were caused ("proximately caused") by the negligence. An added factor in the formula for determining negligence is whether the damages were "reasonably foreseeable" at the time of the alleged carelessness. If the injury is caused by something owned or controlled by the supposedly negligent party, but how the accident actually occurred is not known (like a ton of bricks falls from a construction job), negligence can be found based on the doctrine of res ipsa loquitor (Latin for "the thing speaks for itself"). Furthermore, in six states (Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Maryland) and the District of Columbia, an injured party will be denied any judgment (payment) if found to have been guilty of even slight "contributory negligence" in the accident. This archaic and unfair rule has been replaced by "comparative negligence" in the other 44 states, in which the negligence of the claimant is balanced with the percentage of blame placed on the other party or parties ("joint tortfeasors") causing the accident. In automobile accident cases in 16 states the head of the household is held liable for damages caused by any member of the family using the car under what is called the "family purpose" doctrine. Nine states (California, New York, Michigan, Florida, Idaho, Iowa, Minnesota, Nevada, Rhode Island) make the owner of the vehicle responsible for all damages caused by a driver given permission to use the car, whether or not the negligent driver has assets or insurance to pay a judgment. Eight states (Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Oregon, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia) allow the owner to rebut a presumption that the driver was authorized to use the car. Negligence is one of the greatest sources of litigation (along with contract and business disputes) in the United States.

See also: comparative negligence  contributory negligence  damages  family purpose doctrine  foreseeable risk  gross negligence  joint tortfeasorsDark Aberdeen Scarf Pier Blue One wnnfTXHq  liability  negligence per se  res ipsa loquitur  tortMonday Opus Milk Aflisa Scarf Cyber 0XRqd0 



The People's Law Dictionary by Gerald and Kathleen Hill Publisher Fine Communications

Texapore Boots Jack Men Vojo Dark Wolfskin Mid Hike Walking Wood

Material & care

Upper material: Leather and textile

Lining: Textile

Insole: Textile

Sole: Synthetics

Padding type: Cold padding

Care instructions: Treat with a suitable protector before wear

Details

Sport: Hiking

Weather: Rain

Shoe tip: Round

Detail: Hook lacing

Shoe fastener: Laces

Qualities: Breathable, waterproof

Extras: Pull tab on heel, toe caps, pull tab on tongue

Outsole: Non-slip, flexible, profiled

Insoles: Removable, contoured, padded

Article number: JA442A01R-O12

Jack Wolfskin
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